You are looking at a video screen. But do you have any idea at all who
It seems ironic. Inventors are such a big part of the American Legacy. The Information Age began when Samuel B. Morse tapped out "What hath God wrought?" on the first telegraph; the music business began when Edison spoke the words, "Mary Had a Little Lamb" and heard them played back moments later from a tinfoil drum. The telephone arrived when Mr. Bell spilled some acid on his pants and shouted, "Mr. Watson, come here, I need you!" -- and Mr. Watson heard him on a contraption in another room. Hollywood began when Edison filmed a sneeze.
Television, represents the culmination of all the inventions that went before it: the marriage of movies and radio; sight and sound merged with the electromagnetic spectrum. The crowning achievement of an age of invention.
But who among us can name the man who invented it?
Video, in all its forms, is the most pervasive medium ever conceived.
It's not just television, which is so omnipresent now that you can't
even wait to board an airplane without being compelled to watch CNN
or a soap opera. It's computers, too, which are now turning into a
mass medium in their own right. And every computer in the world uses
video as its primary display device.
But how many of us whose lives are shaped by this device have any idea of the genius that conceived it?
The corporate doctrine within the communications industry would have us believe that television was far too complex a concept to have been "invented" by a single individual working alone, in a garage perhaps, in the manner of Edison and Bell (or Hewlett & Packard and Jobs & Wozniak....). They would rather us believe that the medium evolved over a period of time, finally emerging whole in the late 1940's from the great laboratories of the industrialized world - just in time for Uncle Milty, Gunsmoke, and Dinah Shore.
That television ever was an invention is a notion that seems to surprise most folks. It just seems like it's always been there, like God and McDonald's. There is certainly no folklore associated with its origins. This void in our popular mythology is unfortunate, because in fact, the true origin of electronic video is one the most fascinating stories of the 20th century...and features one of the era's most intriguing and enigmatic characters: Philo T. Farnsworth.
Farnsworth was a 14 year old Mormon farm boy from Rigby Idaho with virtually
no knowledge of electronics when he first sketched his idea for electronic
video on a black board for his high-school science teacher in 1922. 15 years
later, that teacher would re-create that sketch as part of his testimony in
patent litigation between Farnsworth and the giant Radio Corporation of America.
Farnsworth eventually won all of his extensive litigation with RCA, and became
the first Independent Inventor EVER awarded a royalty-paying patent license
But that's just PART of the story.
With this website, the life story of Philo T. Farnsworth is retold
on the World Wide Web. The material you will find here was compiled
during the 1970's, from exhaustive interviews conducted with Farnsworth's
widow, Elma Gardner "Pem" Farnsworth, and the inventor's oldest son,
Philo T. Farnsworth III - himself an inventor cut from the same cloth
as his father - and other members of the Farnsworth family and associates..
Theirf accounts were reconciled against the existing historical record
to produce this narrative, which was first published in 1977 in a
now defunct "alternate media" journal called TeleVisions. The
entire effort to recreate Farnsworth's story and integrate it with
the "historical" record was part of a larger effort to produce a "movie
for television about the boy who invented it." which has yet to be
funded or produced.
The illustrations that will accompany this material are mostly taken
from the personal archives of Mrs. Farnsworth, who has survived her
husband since his death in 1971 and lives today (late 2000) in Fort
Wayne, Indiana. In 1990, she completed her own extensive biography
of her late husband entitled "Distant Vision: Romance and Discovery
on the Invisible Frontier" which is can
be purchased through the "official" Philo T. Farnsworth
website. The book's publishing was timed to coincide with
the unveiling of a statue of Farnsworth that now stands in the Statuary
Hall of the Capitol Building in Washington DC, one of two such statues
dedicated by the State of Utah; the other is a likeness of Brigham
It seems appropriate to re-tell this story on World Wide Web because
in a real sense, the state of Internet and the Web is very analogous
to the state of Farnsworth's invention during the 1920s and '30s.
There is much that we can learn from his story.
So let us begin with...